Since 1901 the first Nobel Prizes were awarded and until this year’s edition 2018, whose winners have been recently known, a total of 935 people and institutions have been awarded in the different Nobel categories: Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Literature (not granted this year), Peace and Economy.
Germany (108), France (69) and Sweden (32) complete the top five places in the ranking of countries with the most Nobel prizes.
Spain, with eight Nobel Prizes, occupies the 22nd place in the ranking tied with China and Ireland.
Six of the eight Nobel prizes of Spanish nationality have won the Nobel Prize for Literature: José Echegaray (1904), Jacinto Benavente (1922), Juan Ramón Jiménez (1956), Vicente Aleixandre (1977), Camilo José Cela (1989) and the writer Peruvian -and also with Spanish nationality since 1993- Mario Vargas Llosa. The other two received the Nobel Prize in Medicine: Santiago Ramón y Cajal (1906) and Severo Ochoa (1959).
Throughout the history of these awards, only 52 times the Nobel prize winners have been women. The Nobel Peace Prize is the one that has taken women more into account, with 17 winners, followed by the Nobel Prize for Literature, which has distinguished 14 women writers.
The following table shows some data about the different categories of the Nobel Prizes, such as the times they have been awarded, the number of winners or how many women have won it.